Plants

Rationale for incorporating plants into the design.

In Western society, plants largely play a decorative role because most of the their functional roles have been institutionalized. However, there are many roles they can play in the design of this facility, including

  • Passive thermal management
  • Shelter
  • Source of food, building materials, fodder, medicine or other traditional value
  • Husbandry education
  • Aesthetics

Passive Thermal Management

Perhaps the most obvious need is for trees to cool the buildings in the hot season of the year. Ideally, these will be deciduous, to allow the sun to reach the building during the winter.

Although Achham District receives an average of 1250 mm (40 in) of rainfall a year, most of that comes in a few months of summer monsoon. There is a prolonged dry period or several months with little or no rain. Ideally, the chosen trees should tolerate drought to the extent that they will not need irrigation once they are established.

The following species were selected from Plants and People of Nepal by Narayan P. Manandhar. They were selected on the basis of being native to the region, present at the elevation of the clinic (600 m), deciduous and not having specialized environmental niches (e.g. stream bed or rocky slope). Many of these are probably not appropriate for other reasons, such as water requirements, but hopefully the list is a good starting point.

  • Acacia catechu
  • Ehretia acuminata
  • Albizia lebbeck
  • Albiza procera
  • Artocarpus lakoocha
  • Bauhinia malabarica
  • Bauhinia variegata
  • Bombax ceiba
  • Butea monospermum
  • Crateva bilocularis
  • Diplokenma (Bassia) butyreacea
  • Engelhardia spicata
  • Ficus racemosa
  • Garuga pinnata
  • Gmelina arborea
  • Neohymenopogon (Hymenopogon) parisiticus
  • Oroxylum indicum
  • Phyllanthus emblica
  • Plumeria rubrum
  • Pyrus malus (apple)
  • Terminalia alata
  • Terminalia arjuna
  • Terminalia bellirica
  • Terminalia chebula
  • Toona ciliata
  • Trewia nudiflora
  • Ziziphus mauritiana
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